Atieph

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Research-in-Politics

Vision was to utilize human capital of a political party on-ground for research (data collection : survey) and for that, people were introduced to the concept:

http://issuu.com/atieph/docs/public_opinion-proposal_dos-001-ver-2-271110

My objectives were:

i.)    Document common man’s opinion from a political platform : open a new chapter.

ii.)    Utilize human resource (of the party) in Union Council’s for research.

iii.)    Engage students in ‘research-in-politics’.

http://issuu.com/atieph/docs/students-politics___pti-proposal_dos-002-ver-1-100

It took me three years to achieve my objectives.

Report-on-Survey (how I alone conducted the survey):

http://issuu.com/atieph/docs/report_on_survey_dos-003-ver-1-310113

First political research study (report):

http://issuu.com/atieph/docs/public_opinion__in-depth_analysis_-

_______________________________________________

An example has been set for political parties to document public opinion.

https://www.facebook.com/SurveyingCommitteeIrw

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معاشرہ، سیاست، گورنینس اور سالمیت پر عوام کی رائے

یہ بےمثال تحقیق پاکستان تحریک انصاف (پی ٹی آئی) کے اراکین اور غیراراکین نے اسلام آباد میں کی۔ تحقیقسروے' پر مبنی تھی جس کا طریقہ ‘کنوينئینس سامپلنگ’ تھا۔ سروے میں مشاہدے کے لئے سوالنامہ مرتب کیا گیا جو ‘اردو’ میں 38 سوالات پر مشتمل تھا، جن میں 5 سوالات ‘ڈیموگرافکس’ کے تھے۔

پی ٹی آئی کے اراکین اور غیراراکین میں 2420 سوالنامے تقسیم کئے گئے؛ 1495 سوالنامے جمع ہوئے - جن میں 897 سوالنامے تجزئیے کے لئے قبول کئے گئے۔ اٹھارہ اور اس سے زیادہ عمر کے شہریوں کا انٹرویو کیا گیا؛ سروے ‘ستمبر سے دسمبر 2011’ اور ‘جنوری سے دسمبر 2012’ میں کیا گیا۔

  سروے کے نتائج

ہمارے معاشرے کو دس میں تین (٪30) شہری ‘مطلب پرست’ اور اتنی ہی تعداد (٪30) ‘بے صبرہ/عدم برداشت’ جبکہ صرف ٪5 ‘سخی’ سمجھتے ہیں۔ اکثریت سمجھتی ہے کہ لوگ ہمارے معاشرے میں ‘محنت’ اور ‘دیانت داری’ سے زیادہ ‘پیسے’ اور ‘عہدے’ پر یقین رکھتے ہیں۔

آنے وا لے سال میں صرف ٪7 اپنے آپ کو ‘زیادہ محفوظ’ اور ‘سماجی لحاظ سے پرسکون’ جبکہ صرف ٪10 ‘اقتصادی لحاظ سے مستحکم’ دیکھتے ہیں۔ چالیس فیصد سمجھتے ہیں ہمارے معاشرے میں لوگ ‘کم آمدن/غربت’ اور ٪35 ‘بے روزگاری’ کی وجہ سے خود کشی کرنے پر مجبور ہیں۔

دس میں نو (٪90) شہری ‘منتخب نمائندوں کے شاہانہ طرززندگی’ کی مخالفت کرتے ہیں؛ ‘عوام کا خادم’ دس میں آٹھ سے زائد (٪83) شہریوں کا اسلامی فلاحی مملکت کے سربراہ کا تصور ہے جبکہ تقریباً دس میں نو (٪92) شہری ‘حکومتی اخراجات میں کمی’ کی حمایت کرتے ہیں۔

اپنی اولاد کی تعلیم کے بارے میں اکثریت (٪90) کا دھیان ‘روائتی سندیافتہ تعلیم’ کے برعکس ‘اخلاقی اور شعوری پرورش’ پر ہے / ہو گا؛ دس میں نو سے زائد (٪93) ‘یکساں نظام تعلیم’ کی حمایت کرتے ہیں۔

دس میں چھ (٪61) شہری احتجاج کرتے ہیں جب وہ انسانی حقوق کی خلاف ورزی دیکھتے ہیں جبکہ نصف سے زائد (٪55) کو سب سے زیادہ فکر ‘انصاف’ کی ہے؛ تقریباً دس میں چھ (٪57) شہری ‘قانون کی بالادستی کا نہ ہونا’ کو ہمارے “معاشرے میں" کرپشن کی اصل وجہ سمجھتے ہیں۔

تقریباً نصف (٪46) کا سیاست کا تصور ‘حکومت کرنے کے سیاسی اصول’ ہے۔ دس میں چھ سے زائد (٪64) ‘سیاست میں بددیانتی’ کی وجہ سے ووٹ نہیں ڈالتے۔

بتيس فیصد کا سیاسی جماعتوں کا تصور ‘پتلی تماشا’، ٪27 کا ‘ادارے’ اور ٪25 کا ایک فرد کی اجارہ داری’ ہے۔ ایک چوتھائی (٪26) سیاسی جماعت کے ‘نظریئے' اور تقریباً اتنی ہی تعداد (٪25) جماعت کے ‘سماجی ترقیاتی پروگرام’ کی بنیاد پر ووٹ ڈالتے ہیں۔

دس میں چھ (٪60) شہریوں کے ووٹ ڈالنے کی وجہ ان کا ‘اپنا نقطہ نظر’ ہے؛ دس میں آٹھ (٪80) آنے والے الیکشن میں ووٹ ڈالینگے جبکہ تقریباً دس میں سات (٪68) دوسری جماعت کوووٹ ڈالینگے اگر جس جماعت کی حمایت وہ کرتے ہیں عوام کے مسائل حل نہیں کرتی۔

ساٹھ فیصد شہری سیاسی جماعت کے دفتر تشریف لے جائينگے (گفتگو/بات چیت وغیرہ کے لئے) اگر انہیں مدعو کیا جائے۔

پاکستان کو ایک تہائی سے زائد (٪36) ‘تقسیم’ اور تقریباً اتنی ہی تعداد (٪35) ‘غربت’ کی طرف جاتا دیکھ رہے ہیں؛ پاکستان کے مختلف امور میں اکثریت کرپشن’ کو پہلے درجے پر رکھتی ہے اور ٪38 ‘احتساب کے نہ ہونے’ کو “گورنینس میں” کرپشن کی اصل وجہ سمجھتے ہیں۔

صرف ٪7 شہری سمجھتے ہیں ‘حکومت اکثر اچھی کارکردگی دیکھاتی ہے’ اور تقریباً دس میں نو (٪91) شہری سمجھتے ہیں ‘حکومتی نمائندے پرواہ نہیں کرتے’ کہ عام شہری کیا سوچتا ہے۔ دس میں چار (٪41) شہریوں کا سیاست دانوں کا تصور ‘مفاد پرست’ اور دس میں تین (٪30) کا ‘مغرب کے اشاروں’ پر چلنے والے ہے۔

اس اسلامی ریاست کی سالمیت کو ٪93 کے مطابق نقصان پہنچ رہا ہے؛ ٪51 سمجھتے ہیں “’سیاسی عدم استحکام’ اور ‘پالیسی مرتب کرنے میں مغرب کی مداخلت’” کی وجہ سے سالمیت کو نقصان پہنچ رہا ہے جبکہ ٪39 سمجھتے ہیں صرف ‘پالیسی مرتب کرنے میں مغرب کی مداخلت’ کی وجہ سے سالمیت کو نقصان پہنچ رہا ہے۔

جن جوابدہ کے جواب میں “پالیسی مرتب کرنے میں مغرب کی مداخلت” شامل تھا ان میں ٪54 سمجھتے ہیں “’کٹھ پتلی حکومتی نمائندوں’ اور ‘ڈرون حملوں’” کی وجہ سے سالمیت کو نقصان پہنچ رہا ہے جبکہ ٪39 سمجھتے ہیں صرف ‘کٹھ پتلی حکومتی نمائندوں’ کی وجہ سے سالمیت کو نقصان پہنچ رہا ہے۔

نصف سے زائد (٪55) متفق ہیں کہ پاکستان امریکہ کی (دہشت گردی کے خلاف) جنگ لڑتا آرہا ہے؛ ٪42 کے مطابق اس جنگ کا مقصد ‘پاکستان کو غیرمستحکم’ کرنا اور ٪45 کے مطابق ‘مغرب کا مفاد’ ہے۔

تقریباً تمام جوابدہ (٪98) پاکستان میں غیرملکی فوجی اڈوں کے حق میں نہیں ہیں اور تقریباً سبھی (٪97) پاکستان میں غیرملکی افواج کی موجودگی کی مخالفت کرتے ہیں۔

صرف ٪7 غیرملکی جنگی آپریشن (نیٹو کی طرز کے) میں تعاون اور اتنی ہی تعداد بجٹ مرتب کرنے میں مغرب (آئی-ایم-ایف) کی نگرانی کی حمایت کرتے ہیں۔

جوابدہ میں ٪54 کی رائے کے مطابق قبائلی علاقوں میں ڈرون حملوں سے ‘جنگجو’ اور شہری’ دونوں جبکہ ٪43 کے مطابق صرف ‘شہری’ ہلاک ہوتے ہیں؛ تقریباً سبھی (٪97) حملوں کے خلاف ہیں۔

تین چوتھائی (٪76) قبائلی علاقوں میں جنگجوؤں سے مذاکرات کی حمایت جبکہ اتنی ہی تعداد (٪77) علاقے میں پاکستان میلٹری آپریشن کی مخالفت کرتے ہیں۔

 

:سروے رپورٹ

http://www.scribd.com/doc/145912377/%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B4%D8%B1%DB%81%D8%8C-%D8%B3%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%8C-%DA%AF%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%86%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%DB%8C%D8%AA-%D9%BE%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%85-%DA%A9%DB%8C-%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A6%DB%92

 

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Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

March 12, 2013

 

This unprecedented research was conducted in Islamabad (Pakistan) by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) members and non-members using convenience sampling.

Total 2,420 questionnaires were distributed among PTI members and non-members (the enumerators); collected 1,495 filled questionnaires and considered 897 questionnaires for analysis.

Citizens aged eighteen and above were interviewed; fieldwork was conducted from September to December 2011 and January to December 2012.

Findings

Figures are in percentages, rounded to the nearest whole number.

Three-in-ten (30%) consider our society selfish and the same number (30%) consider impatient / intolerant whereas only 5% consider generous. Majority thinks that people in our society, believe in money and designation more than in hard work and honesty.

About being socially relaxed and secure in coming year, only 7% are positive whereas one-in-ten (10%) sees oneself economically stable. Forty per cent think because of low income / poverty and 35% think because of unemployment, people are compelled to commit suicide.

Nine-in-ten (90%) oppose luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives; ‘public servant’ is the view of head of Islamic welfare state of more than eight-in-ten (83%) whereas nearly nine-in-ten (92%) are positive about expenses of government to be reduced. 

About educating their child, majority (90%) (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual upbringing than traditional graduate studies; more than nine-in-ten (93%) support one-education system.

About six-in-ten (61%) record their protest when they see human rights being violated whereas ‘justice’ is the major concern of more than half (55%); nearly six-in-ten (57%) think ‘no rule of law’ is the main cause of corruption “in society”.

View of politics of nearly half (46%) is, art and science of government and more than six-in-ten (64%) don’t vote because of ‘dishonesty in politics’.

View of political parties of 32% is ‘puppet show’, of 27% is ‘institutions’ and of 25% is ‘one-man show’. About a quarter (26%) vote on basis of party’s ‘ideology’ and almost the same number (25%) vote on basis of party’s ‘social development programs’.

Six-in-ten (60%) vote because of their ‘own viewpoint’; eight-in-ten (80%) will vote in next election whereas nearly seven-in-ten (68%) said, if the party they support does not solve their problems - they will vote a different party.

Sixty per cent said they will visit the office, if a political party invites for discussion.

More than one-third (36%) see their country heading towards ‘segmentation’ and almost the same number (35%) towards ‘poverty’; majority ranked issue of ‘corruption’ at number one and 38% think ‘no accountability’ is main cause of corruption “in governance”.

Only 7% think government often performs well and nearly nine-in-ten (91%) think, government representatives don’t care what a common citizen thinks. View of politicians of about four-in-ten (41%) and three-in-ten (30%) is ‘opportunist’ and ‘puppets of West’ respectively.

When asked about sovereignty of this Islamic state, 93% think sovereignty is being damaged; 51% think because of both ‘political instability’ and ‘involvement of West in policy-making’ whereas 39% think only because of ‘involvement of West in policy-making’.

Those whose answer included involvement of West in policy-making were further asked about the issue – according to 54%, sovereignty is being damaged because of both ‘puppet government representatives’ and ‘drone attacks’; 39% think only because of ‘puppet government representatives’.

Pakistan has been fighting America’s war (against terrorism) according to more than half (55%) of the respondents; 42% think purpose of the war is to ‘destabilize Pakistan’ and 45% think, West’s interest in the region.

Almost all the citizens of federal capital (98%) are not in favor of foreign military bases and nearly the same number (97%) opposespresence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.

Only 7% favor cooperation in foreign military operations (like that of NATO) and same percentage favors supervision of Western institutions (like IMF) in budget making.

Regarding drone attacks in tribal areas, 54% has the opinion that both militants and civilians are killed whereas 43% think only civilians are killed; nearly all (97%) are against the attacks.

When asked about dialogue with militants (in tribal regions), about three-quarters (76%) favor dialogue and almost the same number (77%) opposes Pakistan military operation in the region.

 

Survey Report:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/131232826/Public-Opinion-on-Society-Politics-Governance-Sovereignty


First political survey - conducted by utilizing human resource of the party in Union Councils and by engaging students in ‘research in politics’ for the first time in political history of Pakistan.

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Time to Rethink

by Atif Abbas

‘August’, month which portrays our freedom, month in which one color stands out of all the colors that is ‘green’ and month in which Pakistani flags on the roof tops and on the façade of the homes show that we are a nation having our own norms and above all demonstrate that we are free.

Each years August brings breath of relief reminding us that we are free as increment in years of freedom reached the figure 65.

I want to induce realization among citizens of my country about transmission of our media. This August, does anyone observed that the media gave too much room to Indian shows, songs and celebrities. How we portray our patriotism? Don’t they think what they are exhibiting to the whole world; they can put anything on-air for wealth.

Private channels are broadcasting Indian shows, movies and news about Indian celebrities. This reveals an image of weakness of our media as if they have failed in entertaining - hence require Indian bits & pieces. What we are illustrating to our young generation; what we want to convey to them?

Does this mean we want to introduce them to Indian norms, traditions and culture as our media is promoting Indian customs. What is being represented about our own country – is question of integrity. The country in which you can freely do any act, you have freedom of speech; one can only realize this freedom when he/she knows the importance of a nation having its own boundaries.

Are we shy of our own people that we require other countries folks to cover areas to make news. We are ourselves making our structure of norms so brittle that our future generation will not recognize our own heroes but the actors and celebrities of other countries.

Till 1996, Pakistan Television (PTV) was pretty famous in India and Indians use to watch Pakistani drama’s instead of ZTV’s. Thus, Indian Television banned PTV and now you can measure the extent to which our channels are influenced by Indian media. Doesn’t this make us rethink about what to be banned.

Still there is time to ask the whole nation to promote our own culture and heroes so we can withstand our own identity with our own flag.

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Students, Politics & Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

by Atif Abbas

March 10, 2011

"IRW realizes the role students can play in the society and wants to effectively utilize their potential in context of research in politics.

 

In our country, politics is second to entertainment though some call it dirty game but those who have been in power try to justify that they are public servants because public has elected them. In the whole scenario of election and representation, take a moment and focus on students, how and what role they play in politics. Insaf Research Wing (IRW) realizes the role students can play in the society and wants to effectively utilize their potential in context of research in politics.

Society & Politics

Organized and interdependent community is called society; our society reflects various colors in different shades of life – in natural disasters it looks generous, in praising it seems self-centered, in need of making a queue it seems impatient, in matters of wealth and property it looks materialistic, in representing own culture it lacks confidence, in promoting personalities its media chooses actors of other nations, in dealings it depends on foreign language, and in following norms it is after West hence, exhibit an impression of inferiority complex.

Art and science of government is politics whereas politics in our society has been a sport with no rules besides dishonesty and mud slinging. Therefore, an honest man cannot think of politics because of the fear of being played by the opportunist hence a silent majority is being formed in the society. What impression does this expose on students?

Students & Politics

On thinking about students in politics, image of young men wrapped in flags with stickers on shirts, holding banners-placards shouting slogans, running on roads - riding bikes flashes across ones mind. Their energy and enthusiasm is commendable but there is lack of discipline, patience and ideology because they are in politics of a society, which lack these as violence is being exercised in daily life.

A student in politics knows how to make preparations for protest, riot and convention whereas s/he is not clear whether s/he is supporting a candidate on basis of his/her political stance or character, supporting a party for it’s leadership, manifesto and/or social development programs. This depicts generation(s) being prepared for the future.

Insaf Student Federation & Research Wing

Insaf Student Federation (ISF) has been coordinating different activities to gather students at one word, ‘insaf’ (justice) in this movement. They arrange membership campaigns, meetings, processions, discussions and protests; raise their voice on various issues wherever they can.

IRW recognizes the approaches by which a change in society can be brought through students. ISF can play vital role in Green Pakistan campaign and in conduction of surveys. By giving students training as enumerators they can be utilized in data collection phase. In this way, they can get introduced to surveys, interest may develop in research and in future they may contribute in IRW.

Therefore, students in Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf can be utilized in initiating campaigns to create awareness in the society and in gathering public opinion; by this life can be given to concepts envisaged by IRW through ISF.

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Library at a Political Party

by Atif Abbas
December 02, 2009

"To foster research, Insaf Research Wing may build its own library – Insaf Digital Library (IDL).”


A library provides base for knowledge - knowledge and information provide groundwork for research. To foster research, Insaf Research Wing (IRW) may build its own library, Insaf Digital Library. IRW requires facts and data – therefore, IDL will be its databank.

Politics & Knowledge

The word ‘Politics’ comes from the Greek word ‘polis’ meaning city-state. The Greek word ‘Politikos’ describes anything concerning the state or city affairs. In Latin, this was ‘politicus’ and in French ‘politique’. Thus, in English it became politics: art and science of government. Governing affairs of the state require knowledgeable and wise men; to educate our generations, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) will establish libraries in the country whereas IRW may establish its digital library.

The library will be helpful for investigation and exploration of issues to be researched in IRW; members of PTI will enrich it with features, research papers, scholarly work, case studies, journals, reports etc. Their contribution to the library may lead them to research for IRW. By collection of information, foundation of knowledge will be laid.

IRW & IDL

IRW will not only contribute to IDL but also get subscriptions of journals-newsletters and memberships of research institutions. In this way, wing can interact with people in research around the globe and share concepts.

Through IDL and IRW, tradition of knowledge sharing and custom of research will develop in the political party. Hence, wing can reach a status where people would think to subscribe to its publications; a newsletter may also be produced.

Web-Management Team & IDL

Web-management team of PTI can develop the structure of IDL to maintain files of the library in corresponding sections by deciding suitable technology. The team can propose game plan for subscription procedure of publications (e.g. newsletter) of IRW.

IDL: The Process

Information (news) from various sources of PTI and publications of IRW reach web-management team and they publish on the website. For IDL, members of PTI [IRW, ISF, web-management team…] rather anyone can contribute; the files will be forwarded to IRW. The wing will send upon selecting the file(s) to web-management team for uploading on IDL.

By this, any person can make use of IDL whereas IRW will have its database in the form of library.

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Plant a tree: Pakistan

by Atif Abbas
July 31, 2009

“…every house must have a tree - a step towards Green Pakistan.


In order to create awareness in our youth about playing a constructive role in the society and to make our environment green, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) can make a difference through a campaign. The vision is every house must have a tree - a step towards Green Pakistan.

Society – Plants

Where there are school-going children smoking and burning their cells – there is smoke from industries and vehicles through out the country. Where there is depression among citizens – there is hatred against the corrupt ruling class. In a viewpoint, we are losing the gratification of life and the essence of nature.

Our society has become materialistic and artificial, technologically fast and psychologically distressed, occupied with the lust of luxurious items & greed for more money, hollow of moral values and empty of ethical responsibilities desperately requires an impression of nature. Plants provide sense of comfort by cooling the surroundings; they provide pleasant ecosystem - filter dust and replenish oxygen supply.

“Plant trees. They give us two of the most crucial elements for our survival: oxygen and books.” (A. Whitney Brown).

Inspire – Young Blood

The lifeblood of this movement [PTI] is young guns, who need to comprehend an approach towards looking at society to scrutinize it for bringing change - influence others through individual act(s). Perception is to be induced in them to consider ecological factors beside eco-socio-political aspects.

We can influence the development of conscience of youngsters by making them think as a responsible citizen – realizing them they are worthy of taking responsibilities for the betterment of humanity. Apprehend to them that their one small step of planting a tree will be beneficial to the environment and the next generation(s). Inspire them by setting a campaign in motion; revive nature especially in regions where there are very few trees - summer break the records and winter brings mist. This may encourage them to participate in welfare activities and ignite an ambition of serving their own country.

Green Pakistan: Campaign

PTI can start a campaign ‘Green Pakistan’ of planting trees from its own offices in all the provinces by its senior-officials [a step towards green Pakistan].

Spread the message of the campaign (every house must have a tree) among existing members; ask them to save money - in summer and/or winter they plant a tree in their houses. Even the seeds of fruits consumed in everyday life can be used in the plantation procedure.

Address people by adding message of Green Pakistan in the banners, stickers, membership tickets and on the website (e-mail) - effectively utilizing membership process. Thus, every new member plants a tree, it’s about personal efforts for the community; all humans are aware of the significance a tree has - PTI just has to develop the custom.

Members can influence youngsters in their acquaintance by their act of planting trees; the process continues and we can make Pakistan green.

_______________

My idea is being implemented by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Government, Pakistan.

We are going to plant a tree in every house with the support of almost all government departments and non-governmental organisations in the district. It will be a great step towards making Khyber Pakhtunkhwa green and pollution-free,” Deputy Commissioner_Mansehra said (Dawn News, February 21, 2014).

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Economic Restructuring in Pakistan

by Atif Abbas

March 12, 2009


To the struggle of a legend - Imran Khan


Leaders who led the feeble skeleton of Pakistan’s politics crippled the state by implementing economic reforms of International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank . By meeting their conditions, they have become powerless, as West has been using them for their own interests. The involvement of West in policy making has blemished the concept of transparency, accountability and fair decisions in state affairs. Thus, corrupt ruling class dare to govern the state. Whereas, the military intervention in politics has been impediment in institution building because of fragile civil rule. The economic reforms have been conveniently implemented in periods of dictators, not only in Pakistan but in other countries also.

IMF – World Bank debt-trap

Western powers are dominant in global financial system and for collective strategic interests - they stimulate political and socio-ethnic conflicts to bring the economy of a country to the ground. An environment is created to portray that for economic stability the country requires assistance from international financial community. Government officials who find no obligation in national interests have been serving US supreme interests - contributing in fracturing the federal structure of Pakistan. These are the people, who meet the demands of IMF and World Bank and in turn get substantial perquisites.

Structural adjustment agreements of IMF and World Bank are actually their demands presented in form of economic reforms, which when implemented result in increase in foreign debt, currency devaluation, inflation, privatization etc. In order to restructure banking sector, new laws are written, independent profit oriented institutions are formed - making government incapable to finance social and economic programs, banking systems and public sector are dismantled. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) provide assistance and then demand to increase the penetration of Western investors.

IMF’s agreements require devaluation of currency against dollar though this makes import expensive but they encourage purchasing imports by rewarding loan (against large foreign currency) and lift restrictions on import and export. National budget is made under supervision of IMF; to balance the budget it recommends cutting government spending on social development programs including health and education programs and removing state subsidies. The currency devaluation and removal of subsidiaries (designed to control prices) results in price hikes by three to four times. People’s living standards worsen as basic requirements like food and shelter goes beyond their reach.

IMF-World Bank offer projects like water & agriculture - energy & power development and poverty alleviation for so called sustainable development. This requires disastrous investments by the state but ensures business for bureaucrats, consultants (local-foreign) and construction firms (national - international). They offer services through foreign aid to support trade, training & education and technical assistance. Such development is interlinked with accumulation of huge international debt and it results in vulnerable democratic civil rule and institutions.

In industrial sector, through IMF sponsored programs flow of credit is controlled, socially owned enterprises are auctioned in stock market – increasing enterprise(s) loss. To damage domestic production and exclude domestic producers from national market, interest rates and input prices are raised for national enterprises and imported commodities are flooded in the market - imports are financed from money borrowed under IMF package.

IMF through legal framework implements the reforms and takes a country to industrial decline; outcome of IMF-World Banks prescribed programs: hyperinflation and extreme poverty. Their programs play significant role in creating foundation for anti-democratic leadership and in determining the shape of a society and its class structure.

Institutions like Transparency International (TI) highlight state corruption but never bring forward involvement of corruption in economic reforms (involving privatization). Many countries are victims of IMF’s reforms and the issue is suppressed because of political reasons. Therefore, assistance from West is not lifting Pakistan economically but dragging it into Third World.

Pakistan in a glimpse

The country is globalized and urbanized, with highly rich and extremely poor citizens. The scenario is: inflation, power shortages and depreciation of Pak currency; machine factories and production of local goods are in crisis while consumerism is mounting. Foreign investment in domestic manufacturing is in crisis whereas foreign investment in service sector is increasing.

The role of the state officials in policy formulation is insignificant and has been governed by the international agencies. The government officials have not been taking any sustainable productive initiatives of national projects whereas mushroom-growth of non-governmental organizations has escalated.

Primary-Secondary schools and libraries have been neglected whereas private educational institutes are growing for a specific class. Degree holders have increased whereas scientists are in extinction; information communication technology has been promoted whereas nothing has been projected for establishing the foundation of general science and technology. Independent research is vanishing while consultancy services have become available.

General housing has decreased whereas high-rise buildings and projects destroying ecological balances are obvious. Urban population is increasing, which do not find reasonable wages to survive; outward migration is greater than before whereas proper utilization of own human and material resources is on the verge.

General health opportunities are barely adequate for a common citizen – expensive private clinics are increasing. Crime rate is levitating and so is the insecurity of every citizen. Sustainable employment opportunities have decreased and people under poverty line have increased immensely. The number of poor in the country has risen from 60 to 77 million since 2007 because of food inflation according to Oxfam report (Food Crisis in Pakistan: Real or Artificial, October 16, 2008). The report deduced that the poorest 20 percent spent 50 to 58 percent of their income just to buy cereals and a major problem in Pakistan was absence of authentic data on food production.

Corruption, non-transparent privatization and black economy (bribery, employment of professional criminals and commission from not only government projects but from hidden contracts with foreign companies) are leading Pakistan to more economic troubles. There has never been a phenomenon of accountability.

The course of Pakistan’s politics can be determined because accumulation of capital through criminal activities has become a tradition (in politics). The emergence of rich-corrupt people and their supremacy on national structure has made it easier for global institutions to launch their agenda. By this real democracy cannot grow. The state officials are busy in implementing the programs of IMF to privatize all utility services. Thus, citizens have to bear the consequences because of the policies made for foreign profiteers.

The parallelism in growth of wealth and poverty - power and vulnerability can be observed in this fragmented Muslim nuclear state as it is suffering from artificial nutrition of IMF.

View of West

A jointly prepared Global Futures Assessment Report of United States National Intelligence Council (NIC) and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) referred by The Times of India (February 13, 2005) states that

“by year 2015 Pakistan would be a failed state, ripe with civil war, bloodshed, inter-provincial rivalries and a struggle for control of its nuclear weapons and complete Talibanisation”.


A draft of National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) was referred by McClatchy* newspaper (October 14, 2008) in which a US official said that the draft describes Pakistan as being “on the edge” and called the draft “very bleak”.

NIE warned that the government of Pakistan is facing an accelerating economic crisis that is composed of food and energy shortages, escalating fuel costs, a sinking currency and a massive flight of foreign capital accelerated by the escalating insurgency.

A US official who participated in drafting said it portrays the situation in Pakistan as “very bad” and summarized the conclusions about the state of Pakistan as: “no money, no energy, no government”.

West sponsored civil-war

The imposition of economic reforms of IMF-World Bank is interlinked with their covert operations - from organizing military coups to supporting paramilitary armies for civil wars sponsored by US and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). They create social and ethnic divisions by supporting liberation armies/separatist groups to collapse federal structure and thus, destabilize sovereign governments.

Pakistan is a geopolitical hub from Washington’s perspective and they have been using it for secret intelligence operations; there are several US military bases in the country. “U.S. Special Forces are expected to vastly expand their presence in Pakistan, as part of an effort to train and support indigenous counter-insurgency forces and clandestine counter-terrorism units” (William Arkin, Washington Post, December 2007). To justify its counter-terrorism programs, Washington increases its covert support to the ‘terrorists’.

Former Minister of Provincial Assembly (MPA), Ameer Bhutto, from Ratodero (Larkana District-Sindh), wrote in the The News International Pakistan (The bubbling cauldron, July 2008):

“If President Musharraf could not stand before Colin Powell’s (US Secretary of State, 2001-04) ultimatum in 2001, there is no reason to believe that he or Prime Minister Gilani can make a stand now. Sporadic US air raids have been continuing [for] some time and there is reportedly significant American troop build-up at the Pakistani-Afghan border recently. American authorities have also confirmed that the US intends to boost its troop presence in Afghanistan in the current year. This, read with President George Bush’s assessment that Taliban and Al Qaeda activities in Pakistan pose the greatest threat and challenge to US security interests, makes it impossible to escape the conclusion that, after Afghanistan and Iraq, Pakistan’s turn has now come.”


The ongoing insurgency in the region is a clue of a difficult and unpleasant situation coming ahead for people of Pakistan. “The Pakistani military is already engaged in a largely unreported brutal war in the border tribal region to stamp out militant groups… Some 120,000 Pakistani troops, including a 60,000-strong locally raised frontier corps, are stationed in the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA region). A major offensive is currently underway in the Bajaur area (smallest of agencies in FATA) where clashes are taking place daily and an estimated 300,000 people have fled their homes” (Peter Symonds, WSWS.org*, September 22, 2008).

Whereas in Balochistan, British intelligence is blamed for providing support to liberation army. “In June 2006, Pakistan’s Senate Committee on Defense questioned British intelligence about their involvement in abetting the insurgency in the province (Balochistan) bordering Iran” (Press Trust of India, August 09, 2006). Same kind of intelligence operations by the West have been carried out in other countries they named, developing world.

In Muslim countries, West intervene in their state affairs because of their interest in natural resources of the region. By keeping the local government in dark, World Bank and multinationals conduct operations to grasp potentially valuable areas of a country. Pakistan had proven oil reserves of 300 million barrels (as of January 2006) - Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ) tells. In this context, Balochistan is in focus of West as foreign contractors (British Petroleum, OMV etc) are already there. By this, external creditors will get the control and through their policies, government will be further crippled by not permitting to mobilize its own resources. And with the functions of commercial banks in the province, transaction of money including foreign exchange can be controlled.

From the activities of US, it seems the idea is to politically fracture Pakistan and Iran (through province Sistan-va-Baluchestan) using Baloch nationalism.

“Tehran charges that US Special Forces units are using bases in Pakistan for undercover operations inside Iran designed to foment Baluch opposition to the regime of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad” (Selig S Harrison, Pakistan’s Baluch insurgency, October 2006).


The goal is to create social divisions, weaken the ability to resist the invasion by splitting national structure and initiate civil war. Through war, West can manage ownership over the oil and gas resources of the region. The outcome of war will be massive unemployment, which will lead frustrated people to make crimes and/or become part of any militancy group because it will be the only way of earning money, left for them.

Economic Restructuring

In under developed countries, in era’s of dictators especially, not only the state violence intensified but economic reforms were implemented, which resulted in debt escaltion, currency devaluation, poverty elevation, sale of assets, emergence of Western financial institutions and political instability. Eventually economy of those countries weakened.

In the early 1980s, military dictator Zia started pursuing market-based economic reform policies. These reforms began to take hold in 1988, when the government launched an ambitious IMF-assisted structural adjustment program in response to chronic and unsustainable fiscal and external account deficits. The government began to remove barriers to foreign trade and investment, reform the financial system, ease foreign exchange controls, and privatize dozens of state-owned enterprises (Bureau of South & Central Asian Affairs , July 2008).

Benazir (1988) consolidated different privatization committees and undertook a study on privatization strategy from British consultants. The government (1993-96) privatized financial institution, power plant, energy companies, industrial units, telecommunication company and other units.

Nawaz (1990-93) privatized industrial units, banks and several units of Punjab Industrial and Development Board and of fertilizer – gas sector.

Both the governments were eager to implement IMF’s demands without understanding the repercussions on country’s economy and common citizen. And result was lower rate of industrial and economic growth. Certain units in the industry were running efficiently but were privatized. In those governments, the buyers purchased the factories, removed the machinary after paying few installments and sold the real estate. This industrial disaster promoted corruption as state officials are beyond accountability. The process of selling of assets was never transparent; Sugar Mill_Pasrur (District Sialkot, Punjab) was sold by Chief Minister (Punjab) for a “token price of Rs. one only”, according to Company Review - daily DAWN (May 1991).

“Displeased by the Benazir Bhutto government’s (1993-96) inability to implement its recommendations, the IMF welcomed the Nawaz Sharif government when it came to power in March 1997. In October that year, the IMF approved a three-year financing package for Pakistan equivalent to $US 1,588 million in support of a medium-term “adjustment and reform” program. It required tightened control of government expenditure, fundamental changes to the tax administration machinery and an expansion of the net of the general sales tax (GST) and the agricultural tax.” (Vilani Peris, WSWS.org, November 25, 1999).

…Musharraf (1999-2007) won Washington’s support by implementing privatization and deregulation programs that have only exacerbated the plight of Pakistan’s rural and urban poor. …the Musharraf regime is implementing a $6 billion privatization scheme that includes the sell-off of banks and electrical power utilities (Joseph Kay, WSWS.org, April 30, 2002).

Eric Ellis wrote in his report (Privatizing Pakistan, October 2005), “The targets include Javedan Cement (Karachi), Mustehkam Cement (Haripur), Pakistan International Airlines, Pakistan Steel Mills and the country’s upstream and downstream oil companies, Pakistan Petroleum and Pakistan State Oil Co.”.

During eight years of Musharaf-Shaukat privatization push, corruption of 1550 Billion Rupees has taken place, according to conservative estimate of Anti-Privatization Alliance (APA) Pakistan. The government privatized financial institutions (HBL, UBL, MCB), Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited, Pakistan Steel Mills and Karachi Electrical Supply Corporation. Whereas privatization of fertilizer public companies (Pak Saudi Fertilizer, Pak Arab Fertilizer) led to severe crisis of agriculture. Both the puppets left politically fractured and economically crippled Pakistan without facing any trial.

Economic Fracturing - Pakistan

IMFs agreements have been put in effect by previous governments and now current government (Zardari, 2008) has applied to IMF for assistance. This step will lead to instability and will hit the poor - stimulate unrest and chaos among the people of the four provinces working under federal structure. Central government distributes financial resources to support development programs and when the funds will be utilized in clearing the debts or frozen on orders of IMF - there will be nothing for the provinces as institutions are being damaged and no industry is in a position to sustain.

“The current spell of load-shedding is causing productivity loss of Rs.1 billion (or $11.5 million) a day to the textile industry besides threatening the livelihood of 2.28 million textile workers. Around 500,000 of them have already lost their jobs” (The News, October 23, 2008). Whereas IMF reduces debt on condition of selling profitable state owned enterprises at very low prices.

The type of restructuring IMF demands, has been started by the government – the results will be devastating. Privatization Minister declared,

“The privatization of public-sector entities will remain the cornerstone of the government’s economic agenda.” (Privatisation Commission , November 04, 2008).


The economy of a country can be devastated through mismanagement in privatization of energy-power sector. The game plan seems to fracture the federation.

“Companies earmarked for partial or total privatization include: the National Power Construction Company, Jamshoro Power Company, Faisalabad Electric Supply Company, Heavy Electrical Complex, and the Qadirpur gas field. The government says it hopes to raise between $2 billion and $3 billion through this latest privatization wave.” (Keith Jones, WSWS.org, November 13, 2008).


Due to lack of transparency, no one has the knowledge of contracts, which have been signed in telecommunication, power and oil-gas sectors. Disqualification of Chief Minister Punjab (February 25, 2009) through controlled judiciary is an indication towards smooth implementation of IMF’s ‘demands’ by the present government. On the same day, Finance Adviser Shauqat Tareen said, “IMF has approved the delivery of the second installment of $800 million of its loan to Pakistan…” (Daily Times, February 26, 2009). Thus, clarification of the pattern of development is necessary to prevent restructuring of such nature.

Conclusion

The sovereignty of the country is being damaged by meeting the demands of the West. By the global intervention, democratic principles have been ruined and institutions destroyed – resulting in weak democratic processes. The country’s development strategy is determined by the bureaucratic global institutions; different governments made several policies, which are actually based on the framework set by those institutions.

After the period of dictator in 1977-88, every government inherited the debts of its predecessor. There is always another solution instead of begging for financial assistance from the West. Otherwise, the federation will never be able to make decisions independently and future generations will always be paying debts. A major change in economic policy is required to decrease the comparison of debt to gross domestic product (GDP). For overall growth, economic, social and institutional reforms are required.

“[To] improve revenue through tax collection, we have to reform the whole system. It is not the question of devolving the process to lower tiers. Moreover, we have to educate people that it is their responsibility to pay taxes; if they want development, they have to pay their share of taxes. … Of 165 million Pakistani’s, only 1.3 million pay taxes.” Dr. Zafar Moeen Nasir, Chief Economic Researcher, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) (The News, January 18, 2009).


Economic nationalism - transparent investment in the public sector is necessary. For the key industries and financial institutions, nationalization programs are required - this will damage interests of multinational capital, which has monopolized the economy. Iranian Prime Minister in 1953 nationalized the Anglo-Persian Oil Company ; after 1979, eighty percent companies have been nationalized. Israel nationalized its largest banks in 1983 after a financial crisis.

Designing policies to attract foreign investment in new risky business enterprises is understandable but privatization in context of IMF is a disaster to the economy. Because it is planned by capitalists to increase private capital only; gradually, social growth and domestic production halts and the notion of social welfare decline in the society.

In public sector, it is correct that due to political interference (involving over-staffing) output is reduced but the concept that private sector is efficient overshadows the fact that privatizing national (revenue generating) assets at rock-bottom prices on demands of IMF cause huge loss to the country.

“If the chief justice [Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry] of Supreme Court of Pakistan had not stopped the privatization of Pakistan Steel Mills Karachi in 2006, the former [Musharaf] regime would have sold most of the public institutions on throwaway prices. This would have been like selling Pakistan.” (Farooq Tariq, Labor Party Pakistan, June 11, 2008).

There is dire need to overcome the ideology, which glorify discrimination and transform the environment of bureaucracy, which portray inequality. The concept is to be tailored to make government servants realize including the president that they are public servants; luxurious castles used by them must be utilized for educational institutions and research. Independent foreign policy must be crafted and US military bases must be closed.

Pakistan has the potential to develop and become a modern Muslim welfare state because it has human and natural resources. But the potential of people and their attempts to build a democratic society have been obstructed by the puppet regimes. People have lost faith in the institutions of the country; political-security situation has been deteriorated by the growing social tension and economic crisis. A society is to be furnished where citizens have the authority to lead their lives – find justice without fear.

To rise, a revolution is needed; the country requires sacrifice from educated people. Mitchell Bard, former editor of Near East Report* of American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), describes the source of strength of (America’s Pro-Israel) lobby in this manner “Jews have devoted themselves to politics with almost religious fervor.”

Muslims have to unite to deal with the mechanism of the West fracturing their national structures and this requires building their own financial institutions free of Western intervention. They have to generate ideas based on knowledge of the religion and have to struggle accordingly to construct institutions and free themselves from the slavery of the West.



First political research paper; I started working on the paper in December 2008 - when there was neither a research wing nor a think-tank in Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) [Movement for Justice].
click below:
ttp://www.scribd.com/doc/27140845/Economic-Restructuring-in-Pakistan
Document in official format of IRW.
click below:
http://www.insaf.pk/Chapters/IRW/tabid/225/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/2131/categoryId/68/Economic-Restructuring-in-Pakistan.aspx

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Fuel-Cell Mystery

by Atif Abbas

In order to make our lives comfortable and secure, we have to discipline ourselves - have to educate ourselves at every age group. This should be applicable in every walk of life, in every hour of life - by this we can work in a stress free environment. If we don’t think about this, our future generation will also suffer - I am talking from eating habits to greeting a person to driving on the highway.

If you notice some of the things around us are neglected by people like you see cars parked in no discipline, people driving with high beam, honking without any reason, people smoking in a non-smoking zone - for all these, sign boards are installed. But did you ever notice what the signs represent or why the sign says, do this or don’t do that. I know you will say, ‘for safety’ but you ever thought that most of us don’t even know the meaning of sign boards rather aren’t aware of all the signs.

You be thinking the name of article is fuel-cell mystery and where we are heading. Well, I am taking you to text written (in red) at fuel stations (and also in cell phone manuals), Switch off your cell phone. So, you ever thought why you should switch off your cell phone. That’s why I talk about educating ourselves.

Rumors that cell phones caused explosions at fuel stations are the reason of warning people to avoid its usage at the stations. Members of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) tell that a GSM phone’s electromagnetic field can not ignite petrol vapors because its not strong enough to do so.

Cell phone manufacturers and carriers hold responsible counterfeit batteries in context of overheating; agency spokesman of Consumer Product Safety Commission (SPSC), Scott Wolfson said, “There needs to be high-quality batteries for these cell phones. You have a lot of power in a very small product, so it’s really key”. President of California-based Wireless Consumers Alliance Carl Hilliard said, “If you’re cramming more and more power in a small space, what you’re making is a small bomb”.

Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI) after investigating explosions (especially while refueling) found that static electricity is the reason. Static electricity expert Steve Fowler says, “Most people, when they pull up to the fuel station, are not thinking about static electricity”. While refueling, those drivers who get back into their vehicle mostly faced explosion because they put up static charge. “You’re rubbing your clothes on the seat, and you can see there’s a lot of rubbing going on, and as you stand, you are giving yourself a high voltage potential.” - a phenomena similar to rubbing your hand on a quilt. And when the driver touches the nozzle a spark generates, which ignites vapors coming out. Fowler says, “The main thing to do is get away, if you have people in the car, get them out. Leave the nozzle alone, do not touch that and do not pull it out.” otherwise, flames spread rapidly.

Keep in perspective that in Pakistan, one has the luxury of serviceman at the station to refuel. Although one can discharge oneself by touching the door of the car but in foreign countries to educate people, nozzle makers put static fire warnings on all new nozzles whereas fuel stations place warning pads to discharge static by touching.

For safe refueling, PEI surfaced three rules: first always turn off your engine; second, while refueling don’t smoke and (thirdly) never re-enter your automobile.

Now the question arises why then cell phone manufacturers warn their products usage at the fuel station in the user manual?

Product-makers have to be careful against lawsuits - they take safety measures and warn about products usage in certain conditions like potentially explosive atmosphere. In case of battery-operated equipment, British government requires a label warning about spark igniting fuel vapors. Therefore, to meet government’s requirement cell phone manufacturers add the warning in user manuals.

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Feature Fatigue

by Atif Abbas

Being Homo sapiens, we ask for more and thank less - this is human nature. We want the thing we cannot afford. We like things that are in other person’s hand and when it comes to Tech-no-logy, man is becoming more vulnerable and greedy. Yes, you are right; I am talking about Cell Phones.

It’s the strategy of marketing to present things to create temptation and eventually make luxurious thing(s) – a necessity. Take the case of toothpaste; it has been made a crucial household item. But the case is no more like the same with cellular technology, which has made cellular items so advance and affordable. This advancement on one side makes people greedy when it comes to features in a cell phone.

People having a good cell phone switch to an expensive one because that phone has some extra feature without thinking that the feature is of their use or not. A cell phone is no more a phone to talk, you can watch movie in it and so on. The switching to a more advance phone and finding that the old phone was more comfortable causes a fatigue, called ‘feature fatigue’.

The initial attractiveness increases by offering such features in a product but ultimately decreases customers. You can observe that Nokia 1100 is mostly used at every level of customers of cell phones. You can see people with cell phones having tremendous features and you ask them how many times they have used the features other than calling and messaging and they tell, they have never used any of these features.

A phone’s basic purpose is to call and do messaging but now a lot of features are offered in a cell phone and people are eager to buy such a device but when they find that their simple phone was easy to use they appreciate their previous phone and comment, ‘all we have to do is make a call ’. Thus, people don’t see what their requirements are and spend their money on expensive phones.

* The same thing applies to other products; manufacturers like to add more utilities in their product so it will appeal the public and they buy it. As people want a Swiss-Army knife approach in every product they use; they go for features offered in one product but when they start using it they are unhappy with the product having increased complexity.

See the electronics giant Koninklijke (Royal) Philips Electronics’ new brand promise: sense and simplicity. The concept is that products should be easy to use and should improve the quality of people’s lives. The company apparently wants to take this idea beyond sloganeering: It created a Simplicity Advisory Board, a think tank consisting of designers, healthcare specialists, and technology experts, to help translate the message into new products.

Products are appreciated which do one thing very well. New Yorker published cartoon that shows a man arriving in a store with a simple question: “Do you have any phones that make phone calls?”


* Facts excerpted from “Defeating Feature Fatigue,” Harvard Business Review, Vol. 84, No. 2, February 2006.

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Seeking Some Place For Truth

by Atif Abbas

In ancient times people say ‘truth is bitter’. Truth was bitter for listener. Now in present era truth is bitter for those who speak or write. In this modern & materialistic world, is there some space for truth?

Everyone is living or I shall say sleeping with wrapped cloth from which he can see everything but he doesn’t say or do anything. World is developing and destroying nature, in this development there is nothing left like noble character, peace of mind, courage, joy, vim and much more.

In this fabulous world man has to be vigilant because no one around him is sincere even with himself. If you want to be on high designation in this world you have to vanish your conscience and people with no self-respect can do that - sensitive person can’t do. If he does justice he is tortured.

If you say right word or oppose the one who is wrong then you will be given a leaving certificate, it may be of skipping truth or leaving this universe. The question is same ‘is there some space for a thing named truth’?

I know a person who once unfortunately wrote about reality and truth where he had to go, he was given a leaving certificate. One who can or who is aggressive about reality has no room in this building made by man.

__________________

I wrote this in Class 9th after expulsion from school because I wrote about that school in an essay.

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Deeds

by Atif Abbas

August 22, 1999

At this time, looking outside thinking nothing but feeling the warmth’s Sun. Listening to the sweet chirping of sparrows & enthusiastic voices of crows in the silence of afternoon. Wind of low intensity is making the leaves to flutter.

The thing fascinating me the most is the zest of crow, which is not in my sight. I feel that the crow may be praying to Almighty. And may be it is trying to convey the message of Almighty.

During its high flight, Almighty selected this creature to tell the world what is going to happen because of their deeds as it is the only crow shouting in that silence, may be.